Tuesday, 6 May 2008

Linux Log files and usage

=> /var/log/messages : General log messages

=> /var/log/boot : System boot log

=> /var/log/debug : Debugging log messages

=> /var/log/auth.log : User login and authentication logs

=> /var/log/daemon.log : Running services such as squid, ntpd and others log message to this file

=> /var/log/dmesg : Linux kernel ring buffer log

=> /var/log/dpkg.log : All binary package log includes package installation and other information

=> /var/log/faillog : User failed login log file

=> /var/log/kern.log : Kernel log file

=> /var/log/lpr.log : Printer log file

=> /var/log/mail.* : All mail server message log files

=> /var/log/mysql.* : MySQL server log file

=> /var/log/user.log : All userlevel logs

=> /var/log/xorg.0.log : X.org log file

=> /var/log/apache2/* : Apache web server log files directory

=> /var/log/lighttpd/* : Lighttpd web server log files directory

=> /var/log/fsck/* : fsck command log

=> /var/log/apport.log : Application crash report / log file

To view log files at shell prompt

Use tail, more, less and grep command.

tail -f /var/log/apport.log

more /var/log/xorg.0.log

cat /var/log/mysql.err

less /var/log/messages

grep -i fail /var/log/boot

View log files using GUI tools using the GNOME System Log Viewer

System Log Viewer is a graphical, menu-driven viewer that you can
use to view and monitor your system logs. System Log Viewer comes with
a few functions that can help you manage your logs, including a
calendar, log monitor and log statistics display. System Log Viewer is
useful if you are new to system administration because it provides an
easier, more user-friendly display of your logs than a text display of
the log file. It is also useful for more experienced administrators, as
it contains a calendar to help you locate trends and track problems, as
well as a monitor to enable you to continuously monitor crucial logs.

You can start System Log Viewer in the following ways:

Click on System menu > Choose Administration > System Log:

(The GNOME System Log Viewer)

Note you can start the GNOME System Log Viewer from a shell prompt, by entering the following command:

$ gnome-system-log &

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