## Wednesday, 8 August 2007

### latex template

\documentclass{report}%\documentclass[12pt]{report}%seems only 12pt is an option for the class of report, others do not work, so not every number is meaningful and useful for the whole article.

\setlength{\parindent}{0pt} % indent of paragraph

\setlength{\parskip}{10pt} % distance between paragraphs

\setlength{\itemsep}{-5pt}

%\usepackage[top=1in,bottom=1in,left=1.25in,right=1.25in]{geometry}

%% Because here macro:geometry is used, so the following 4 setting is invalid

%\setlength{\topmargin}{0pt}%

%\setlength{\leftmargin}{0pt}%

%\setlength{\rightmargin}{0pt}%

\usepackage{setspace} %linespace

\onehalfspacing % or \doublespacing \setstretch{3}

\usepackage{graphicx}

\title{The Template of Latex Report}

\author{Cross Zheng\\

PhotoPhysics Research Centre\\

London South Bank University\\

\texttt{zhengx@lsbu.ac.uk}

}

% \date{17 Apr 1984}

\begin{document}

\large

%\fontsize{10}{15}%12pt type, with 15pt leading; compared with \large, the latter is easier.

%% the number for size of font is depending on the 'large','huge',etc,. Not each number is meaningful and useful.

% \maketitle%The title of the article'' with date, not suitable for report,
%% only \title,\author,\thanks,\date are the optional parameters.
%% for report, \titlepage is suitable.

\begin{quote}

Here I just list the commands I always use to decorate my reports...\emph{Cross Zheng}

\end{quote}

\begin{abstract}

without DOUBLE SLASH only emptyline

without emptyline only DOUBLE SLASH \\

DOUBLE SLASH plus emptyline\\

From above we know that DOUBLE SLASH is for newline within a paragrah,

while emptyline is for new paragraph.\\

aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa

bbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbb

cccccccccccccccccccc

aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa

bbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbb

cccccccccccccccccccc\\

aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa\\

bbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbb\\

cccccccccccccccccccc\\

\emph{ So DOUBLE SLASH is for new line and an empty line is for new paragraph}\\

above sentence is emphasized.

\end{abstract}

\tableofcontents

\newpage

\chapter{First Chapter}

\section{Some Formats can be used in paragraph}

\label{someformat}

You may want to write things \textsf{in a sans-serif font},

or \texttt{in a typewriter font}, or \textsl{in a slanted font}

(which is \emph{slightly different} than italics).

Sometimes it pays \textsc{to write things in small capitals}.

You can next go to \textbf{bold and then \textsl{bold and slanted} and

then back to just bold} again.

\subsection{Three ways to emphasize the words}

{\em emphasize Part 1}\\%\\ + emptyline makes a new paragraph, only \\ just newline,andempty line

\emph{emphasize Part 2}\\

\begin{em}

emphasize Part 3

\end{em}

%\indent % Empty line between paragraphs

\subsection{Itemize and enumerate}

\label{itemandenum}

The following is itemize

\begin{itemize} %\setlength{\itemsep}{-\itemsep} %here is for modification of distance between items

\item some days where nothing goes right?

\item times when you just cannot get a decent telephone connection?

\item years when drought follows drought?

\item long periods when gusts of wind come thick and fast?

\end{itemize}

The following is enumerate

\begin{enumerate}

\item then remove its middle third to leave two separate thirds;

\item then remove the middle thirds of these to leave four separate ninths;

\item then remove the middle thirds of these to obtain eight separate twenty-sevenths;

\item and so on.

\end{enumerate}

\subsection{Figure and Table}

\begin{figure}[htp]%[htp] is for absolute position where the figure should appear. otherwize the figure will be on the top of the page.

\centering

\includegraphics[width=0.5\textwidth]{figu.jpg} %%for pdflatex,JPEG is ok. but for dvi, EPS works.

\caption{steps in the construction of a Cantor set.}

\label{F:fig1}

\end{figure}

Construct the tabular set in the following manner:

\begin{table}[htp]%[htp] is for absolute position where the figure should appear. otherwize the figure will be on the top of the page.

\begin{center}

\begin{tabular}[t]{|c|c|} %\begin{tabular}[t]{|l|ccccc|c|} here [t] is vertical alignment,{|l|ccccc|c|} is column alignment.

%\multicolumn{2}{c}{USAMTS Scores Round 1}\\ % some kind of same with previous line,just caption here.

\hline

Object & Dimension \\

\hline

point & 0 \\

The item and enum, \S\ref{itemandenum} & AAAAAAA \\

line & 1 \\

Math and Equation, \S\ref{me} & BBBBBB \\

plane & 2 \\

How to quote, \S\ref{reftoqutote} & CCCCCCC \\

solid & 3 \\

\hline

\end{tabular}

\caption{common Euclidean and fractal objects and their fractal

dimension.}

\label{T:tab1}

\end{center}

\end{table}

\section{Math and Equation}

\label{me}

Here will list some different style of the maths:

\subsection{Embedded Math}

\label{embeded}

$$3\times 3\times 3 + math display style$$ \\% $$and$$ for math display

alternatively,it can be like this

\begin{math}

3\times 3\times 3

\end{math}

$$N\propto d^{-2}$$ a math in para. also it can be embedded in para like this

\begin{displaymath}

\frac{4A}{\pi d^2}

\end{displaymath}

\subsection{Various Equations}

\label{vequ}

The followings are equations:\\

the relation between $$N$$ and $$d$$ involves a fractional exponent $$D$$:

N\propto d^{-D}.

\label{eqf}

Such an object of the fraction $$D$$. Here D is math style.

s = \frac{\delta+\theta^{2}_{3}}{\left(a+b\right)}

% s = \left(a+b\right)/\deta

\label{equ:a}

s = (\delta+\theta)/\left(a+b\right)*

% s = \left(a+b\right)/\deta

\label{equ:b}

If any format is unclear, one way is to use TeXnicCenter to generate the codes,

the other way is just to google.

\section{Ref to quote}

\label{reftoqutote}

The Ref mechanism is very powerful. Even section can be quoted in another

para or table easily, no matter the appearing sequence.

In the table~\ref{T:tab1}, three sections are quoted from different

positions\footnote{The sequence is disorder, but the quote still works

properly}.\\

Here I used footnote as another reference style.\\

Of course, the Figure~\ref{F:fig1} and Table~\ref{T:tab1} can be quoted as

normal functions. But Reference is quoted in another way by cite'', here~\cite{ref2}.

\newpage

\begin{thebibliography}{99}% The thebibliography environment produces a bibliography or reference list. In the article style, this reference list is labeled "References"; in the report style, it is labeled "Bibliography".

\bibitem{ref1} B.~B.~Mandelbrot, \emph{The fractal geometry of

nature}, 1983 .

\bibitem{ref2} H.~Kornberg, \emph{J.\ Irreducible Results}.

\bibitem{ref3} L.~F.~Richardson, somewhere and sometime in the

1920s..

\end{thebibliography}

\end{document}